• Mahdi Shahriari
  • Farzaneh Zare
  • Majid Nimrouzi Department of Traditional Persian Medicine,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
Keywords: Mummy; Shilajit; Asphaltum; Traditional Persian Medicine; Complementary medicine


Context: Moomiaii (Mummy) is a natural substance effusing from rock's notches in some highland area; it has been known as an effective remedy in treatment of some illnesses. Considering pain relieving properties of mummy in traditional Persian medicine (TPM) sources, this study aims to review the viewpoints of TPM sages regarding mummy in context of traditional Persian medicine and provides applicable information for interested researchers to conduct well-designed clinical trials and evaluate therapeutic effects of mummy claimed in TPM sources.

Material and method: Databases including Embase, SID, IRANDOC, IranMedex, Scopus and PubMed were searched with keyword of "Mummy". Furthermore, Main traditional Persian medicine sources including Avicenna’s “Canon of medicine”, “Continens Liber” of Razes,  Aghili’s “The storehouse of medicaments”, “Gift for the faithful” of Momen Tonekaboni and “Measure for medicine” written by Muhammad Akbar Shah Arzani were reviewed with Persian keywords of "Moomiaii" and “Mumnaei”.

Findings: As per TPM sources, Moomiaii was used to treat a wide range of diseases by Iranian’s Hakims. It was known especially as effective remedy to improve gastrointestinal digestive problems.

Conclusion: Moomiaii is cited in traditional Persian medicine sources as an effective remedy for treatment of a wide range of diseases especially GI disorders and bone pain. Recent studies showed the beneficial effect of Moomiaii  in treatment of wound healing, however using it in medical practice for other health dilemma should be confirmed by conducting well-designed clinical studies in future.